MS-ISAC CYBERSECURITY ADVISORIES

MS-ISAC ADVISORY NUMBER:
2016-009

DATE(S) ISSUED:
01/12/2016
01/15/2016 - Updated

SUBJECT:
Vulnerability in Microsoft Silverlight Could Allow Remote Code Execution (MS16-006)

ORIGINAL OVERVIEW:

A vulnerability has been discovered in Microsoft Silverlight, which could allow for remote code execution. Microsoft Silverlight is a media application for browsers on Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS technologies. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could result in an attacker gaining the same privileges as the logged on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

 

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

 

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

 

January 15 - UPDATED THREAT INTELLIGENCE

 

There is a report of this vulnerability being actively exploited in the wild. Kaspersky analysts believe that this vulnerability has been for sale in the cyber criminal underground since at least July 2015, and possibly since October 2013. They believe they identified the vulnerability being exploited in November 2015.

 

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

 

  • Microsoft Silverlight 5 prior to version 5.1.41212.0 for Windows Clients, Windows Servers, and Mac

  • Microsoft Silverlight 5 Developer Runtime prior to version 5.1.41212.0 for Windows Clients, Windows Servers, and Mac

 

RISK:

 

Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High

  • Small government entities: High

 

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High

  • Small business entities: High

 

Home users: High

 

TECHNICAL SUMMARY: 

                         

One vulnerability has been discovered in Microsoft Silverlight, which could allow for remote code execution (CVE-2016-0034). This vulnerability exists when Microsoft Silverlight decodes strings using a malicious decoder that can return negative offsets that cause Silverlight to replace unsafe object headers with contents provided by an attacker. To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker could host a website that contains a specially crafted Silverlight application and then convince a user to visit the compromised website.  An attacker would have no way to force users to visit a compromised website. Instead, an attacker would have to convince a user to visit the website, typically by enticing them to click a link in an email or instant message. 

 

Successful exploitation could result in an attacker gaining the same privileges as the logged on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

 

RECOMMENDATIONS:

 

We recommend the following actions be taken:

 

  • Apply appropriate update provided by Microsoft to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing.

  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.

  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.

  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.

 

REFERENCES:

 

Microsoft:

https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms16-006.aspx

 

CVE:

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-0034

 

January 15 - UPDATED REFERENCES

 

Kaspersky:

https://securelist.com/blog/research/73255/the-mysterious-case-of-cve-2016-0034-the-hunt-for-a-microsoft-silverlight-0-day/