CIS CYBER SECURITY ADVISORIES

MS-ISAC CYBER SECURITY ADVISORY NUMBER:
2012-065

DATE(S) ISSUED:
09/17/2012
09/18/2012 - Updated
09/21/2012 - Updated

SUBJECT:
Vulnerability in Internet Explorer Could Allow Remote Code Execution

ORIGINAL OVERVIEW:

A vulnerability has been discovered in Microsoft's web browser, Internet Explorer, which could allow an attacker to take complete control of an affected system. Exploitation may occur if a user visits or is redirected to a web page which is specifically crafted to take advantage of the vulnerability. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could result in an attacker gaining the same privileges as the logged on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Failed exploit attempts may result in a denial-of-service condition.

It should be noted that there is currently no patch available for this vulnerability and it is currently being exploited in the wild resulting in remote code execution. In addition, the exploit code is currently available as a Metasploit module.

September 18 ­UPDATED OVERVIEW

Microsoft has released a workaround for this vulnerability in Security Advisory 2757760.

September 21 ­UPDATED OVERVIEW

Microsoft has released a cumulative update for Internet Explorer that fixes this vulnerability (execCommand Use After Free Vulnerability - CVE-2012-4969) aswell as four additional vulnerabilities in an out-of-cycle bulletin MS12-063.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Internet Explorer 7
  • Internet Explorer 8
  • Internet Explorer 9

September 18 ­ UPDATED SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Internet Explorer 6

RISK:

Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High
  • Small government entities: High

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High
  • Small business entities: High

Home users: High

DESCRIPTION:

A vulnerability has been discovered in Microsoft's web browser, Internet Explorer, which could allow an attacker to take complete control of an affected system. The vulnerability occurs due to Internet Explorer improperly handling a condition where a deleted object is accessed. This may result in a use-after-free condition and lead to execution of arbitrary code. A use-after-free condition occurs when an application de-allocates a memory block and then later attempts to access that de-allocated space.

Exploitation may occur if a user visits or is redirected to a web page which is specifically crafted to take advantage of this vulnerability. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability could result in an attacker gaining the same privileges as the logged on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Failed exploit attempts may result in a denial-of-service condition.

It should be noted that there is currently no patch available for this vulnerability and it is currently being exploited in the wild resulting in remote code execution. In addition, the exploit code is currently available as a Metasploit module.

September 18 ­UPDATED DESCRIPTION

Microsoft has released a workaround for this vulnerability in Security Advisory 2757760. By default Internet Explorer on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2 runs in a restricted mode that is known as Enhanced Security Configuration. Microsoft has indicated that this mitigates the vulnerability on those systems.

September 21 ­UPDATED DESCRIPTION

Microsoft has released a cumulative update for Internet Explorer that fixes this vulnerability (execCommand Use After Free Vulnerability - CVE-2012-4969) in an out-of-cycle bulletin MS12-063.

This update also fixes four additional remote code execution vulnerabilities that have been reported in Internet Explorer. These vulnerabilities occur due to the way Internet Explorer accesses objects in memory that have not been properly deleted, or initialized.

The four vulnerabilities are:

• OnMove Use After Free Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1529

• Event Listener Use After Free Vulnerability - CVE-2012-2546

• Layout Use After Free Vulnerability - CVE-2012-2548

• cloneNode Use After Free Vulnerability - CVE-2012-2557

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.
  • If you have an alternate browser deployed, consider using it until this vulnerability is remediated.

September 18 – UPDATED RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following workarounds from Microsoft be taken:

  • Deploy the Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit
  • Set Internet and Local intranet security zone settings to "High" to block ActiveX Controls and Active Scripting in these zones
  • Configure Internet Explorer to prompt before running Active Scripting or to disable Active Scripting in the Internet and Local intranet security zone

September 21 – UPDATED RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate patches provided by Microsoft to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing.

REFERENCES:

SecurityFocus:

http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/55562

ZDNet:

http://www.zdnet.com/java-zero-day-leads-to-internet-explorer-zero-day-7000004330/

AlienVault:

http://labs.alienvault.com/labs/index.php/2012/new-internet-explorer-zero-day-being-exploited-in-the-wild/

September 18 UPDATED REFERENCES

Microsoft:

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/security/advisory/2757760

http://blogs.technet.com/b/msrc/archive/2012/09/17/microsoft-releases-security-advisory-2757760.aspx

September 21 UPDATED REFERENCES

Microsoft:

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/security/bulletin/ms12-063

SecurityFocus:

http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/55646

http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/55641

http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/55647

http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/55645

CVE:

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2012-4969

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2012-2557

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2012-2548

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2012-2546

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2012-1529